The tradition of Hatha-Yoga has been initiated by the siddhas of the natha cult and also the munis like devala etc. They have kept the tradition alive for the welfare of the masses through leading the life of a yogi and thereafter noting down the knowledge of Yoga, which is supposed to be preserved for the future. It was this foresightedness of these accomplished yogis and their unconditional love for the humanity that they preserved this knowledge in recorded form.
Yoga is a science of life, which helps man to attain his highest potential and highest state of consciousness. Although there are many definitions of Yoga, the term Yoga is applied to the attainment of the highest aim, i.e,
integration of personality by developing highest state of consciousness, as well as for the various methods and techniques used for the fulfillment of that state. Yoga uses various psycho-physiological techniques involving Asanas, Pranayama, Bandha Mudras, Kriyas and Meditation each of them having many sub-divisions.
In course of time Yoga has got shrouded in mystery and until the beginning of the 20th century there were many misconceptions about Yoga, some of which still prevail in many quarters of the society both in India and
abroad. The reason is, there is a lack of authentic and traditional information about various Yogic practices and much is propagated on the basis of the knowledge of the modern Yoga teachers who may not have enough traditional background either of a particular tradition or of the traditional texts / literature.
In the recent years all over the world Yoga has gained popular acclaim among all the sections of the population. People are now showing more and more keen interest and inclination to acquire deeper knowledge regarding
the guiding principles of Yoga which hold the key to the practices of asana, pranayama and the like.
As the Yogic practices acclaimed mass appeal, there has been a group of enthusiasts among the common populace which cherished genuine interest in acquiring the fundamentals of the yogic practices which hold the key to this knowledge. But the literature of yoga is written in sanskrit, and in different languages, which are no more as “language” in circulation. People of today’s time are not able to decipher the content of these texts to get full benefit. Here arises the need of working on it and to translate these texts & unpublished literature into modern languages. As we have seen through our experience & all our past literary publications, this lends great help to the world Yoga population.
However, in recent times a sad trend is observed in all over the world that to gain control over ancient Yoga tradition & wisdom for monetary benefits by the way of copyrights.
The present proposed scheme will be able to effectively cap the greedy and selfish tendencies of narrow minded people & India will be able to maintain its supremacy on its very own tradition of yoga. This undoubtedly will serve a highly significant cause. Interest of the nation will be safeguarded.
The original concepts and techniques of Yogic practices as used in the traditions of Yoga are to be understood by the people. Then only they will be able to have strong resolution on the subject.
In this “Yogabija” text the author has performed prayer in praise of Lord Adinath. He is the ultimate cause of the creation, existence and destruction of the universe and is therefore called by the names of Jagannath, Vishvarupa, Vishwanath and Vishvatita. He is the ocean of the nectar of pity or Karuna. He is content and the cause of the world. In response to the queries made by Goddess Parvati, He preached the system of Yoga. The
questions put forth by Parvati are quite skillful and helpful in gearing up the subject. The following twelve questions have been discussed in this work and the writer has managed to reply these questions through the holy voice of Lord Shiva. The questions are as follows……..
- How could the self be emancipated from the sufferings of pairs of delusion, i.e. what are the means of salvation?
- How did the self which itself is supreme God get the state of individual soul?
- If ignorance is the cause of bondage, salvation must be achieved by knowledge, then what is the use of Yoga?
- If ignorance is something different from the evils like anger and desire etc., what are the means to get rid of this ignorance?
- On the one hand Jnani (one who has attained the spiritual knowledge) has been described as inferior to Yogi ( who has attained success in Yoga), on the other hand it has also been accepted that nothing remains unknown for a Jnani in this world; then why is it so that a Jnani does not attain liberation ?
- How does a Yogi behave and how does he attain liberation after giving up this body?
- Upto what state does Jnani reach?
- How and why is it so that a Jnani attains the salvation through many lives whereas a Yogi attains it during one and the same birth?
- What is Yoga? What is the procedure of Yoga practice? How one does accrues salvation through Yoga?
- What are the four systems of Yoga with their brief introduction?
- What is meant by ‘Kakamata’ and ‘Markatamata’?
- What is Siddhi and what is its utility in Yoga?
The answer to these queries is the subject matter dealt in Yogabija. Although there are many paths which leads to salvation but Yoga or Siddha-marga is the easiest among them. The notable reason in this regard is that the nature of the soul cannot be described in words.
According to the author of “Yogabija” this work is the assimilation of Prana and Apana. After elaborating the comparative importance of Yoga, the author has described the Yoga and the ways of Yoga practice. According
to the author, assimilation of Prana and Apana, Rajas and Retas, Surya and Chandra
Nadis is called Yoga.